Tuesday, July 7, 2015

Edelstein publishes article on intercultural learning | Emerson College

Edelstein publishes article on intercultural learning | Emerson College

Friday, July 11, 2014

Music Genres in the United States with links to samples

All around the world, music touches each and every one of us. The lyrics, rhythm, vocals (if there are some), instrumentals, tune and tone of each piece of music can often be categorized to fit a specific genre.

The most popular genres of music in the U.S. are Blues, Jazz, Funk, Folk, Rock, Country, Bluegrass, Classical and Techno. Love for all of the genres span various age groups and geographical locations within the United States. But, there are some parts within the U.S. known for specific genres.

Below are samples of each genre of music. Listen to each genre to find which type you like best. Most people like a variety of genres but prefer one - which one do you like best?

I have chosen to include mostly LEGENDS of each genre so that you can become familiar with names of musicians that made each genre famous.

Here are some examples of well known Blues legends:

B.B. King   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Ny5ajCn0xw
Sturgis Library
Muddy Waters   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=URUa3Sby-tY&list=PL653A5DD1507CCB72&index=40

The Blues Brothers  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m0zyuc_2UVg

ZZ Top & John Lee Hooker    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZWQN0n8x00

Here are some examples of Jazz legends:

Eric Clapton  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uby2e7eAVJw

Chick Corea  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PnSC0tRmya4

Billie Holiday  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ztmM91bqD3k

Frank Sinatra https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NldPFVKYmiw

Here are some Funk legends:

Curtis Mayfield   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JC-B-6CLL58&list=PLC9C2EB7FCB6E1C06

Wild Cherry  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fRr2kf84V2M

Earth Wind and Fire  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5d6d4KwmNKk

Here are some Folk Rock legends:

James Taylor and Carole King https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w4mNDS5rIRU

Simon and Garfunkel  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9hUy9ePyo6Q&index=2&list=PL7822CB2E8AB13EF5

The Band https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sjCw3-YTffo&index=9&list=PL7822CB2E8AB13EF5

The Mamas and the Papas  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dN3GbF9Bx6E&list=PL7822CB2E8AB13EF5&index=3

Crosby Stills and Nash  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mjbq6K2ziDQ

Cat Stevens  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YdKu5T9zM6I

Here are some Rock and Roll legends:

Led Zeppelin https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c1Hb9ABpyts          

Nirvana  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DNTWqdSjJnA

Rolling Stones(British group but popular in the U.S.) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=85MjNInEgzs

Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5PSGhuT_gCk

Aerosmith https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jv2vx57BYi8

Here are some Country legends:

Blake Shelton https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xZjosn2u1gA

Rascal Flatts  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8-vZlrBYLSU

Brad Paisly https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WwRrKaq0IyY&list=RDWwRrKaq0IyY

Martina McBride  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dgjTO5eAbZY&list=PL7FB1D3B63D5F2E4A

Here are some Bluegrass legends:

Earl Scruggs, Ricky Skaggs, Travis Tritt, Vince Gill and Jerry Douglas


Steve Martin with Edie Brickell  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0aAy6YPCe-4

Here are samples of American Orchestras playing Classical music:

US Army Field Orchestra (July 4th traditional song - Stars and Stripes Forever)  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M5bcpjUjLpU

Boston Symphony Orchestra  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oFmt0zsJR6I

Here are samples of Techno:

Thursday, March 20, 2014

Why are there so many choices in U.S. grocery stores?

People in the U.S. are considered individualists - that is -  they enjoy being different, being unique - and because of this, they like having the ability to choose what they want to do, what they want to consume and when they can 'do' and 'consume' these choices.

This concept may be the opposite of what is valued where you grew up. In some Asian, African and South American cultures, people consider the groups they are in and what the impact of their choices will have on the group before making a choice. Looking at the impact on the collective, people who share this value are considered collectivists. 

More about Individualism vs. Collectivism from:
Individualism versus Collectivism
This cultural dimension is concerned with the extent to which the welfare of the individual or that of the group is more valued in a society.

In individualistic societies, the goals of individuals are valued more highly than the goals of the group. Individuals are rewarded for behaving independently, making their own plans, and working toward achieving their personal goals. In these societies, individuals are hired and promoted largely based on individual achievement and qualifications. Examples of individualistic societies include the United States and Northern and Western European countries.

In collectivistic societies, on the other hand, the needs of the group are considered more important than those of the individual. In these societies, kinship ties are much stronger and may take precedence over expertise in matters of appointments and promotions. Collectivism is a value in Asian, African, as well as South American cultures.

Take, for example, the case of arranged marriages, still common in countries such as India or Pakistan. In those cultures, marriages are times to form family alliances. You marry whomever your family chooses or whoever is best for the family. In the U.S., on the other hand, you marry whomever you choose, the implication being that it’s your decision and you choose the one best for you. In this case, the welfare of the individual takes precedence over the welfare of the family. The same can happen in your professional life. A student from a collectivistic culture may be sent to the U.S. to study whatever his/her government or company needs and not necessarily what he/she wants to pursue; whatever the group needs (i.e., country or company) takes precedence over what the individual wants.
Given the differences between individualistic and collectivistic individuals, can you think of potential sources of conflict or misunderstanding between them?

How does this relate to the number of brands and products sold in a grocery store? 

Peanut Butter Selection
The abundance of choices can leave one to wonder how different these brands really are...and to tell you the truth, they are not that different...Peanut Butter - all made from peanuts taste very much the same - yes some are chunky and some are smooth, but little else differs between the brands.

 And mustard, though there are different varieties, light, dark, spicy or mild, the differences between brands are not always noticeable.
Mustard Selection (Both photos: dangerousintersection.org)

But the point is...in the U.S. there are many brands to choose from and Americans are loyal to the brands they prefer. Marketing of course plays a big part in why people choose one over the other - and helping people make clear choices is big business.You may in fact have tried to figure out the difference between Coke and Pepsi! Is there are real difference? That decision is ultimately up to you, the consumer...but in taste tests, people cannot really tell the difference. But ask someone which they prefer, and you will get a solid answer. Choice and brand loyalty make one better than the other...

As you enter a grocery store in the United States, be prepared to be overwhelmed by the amount of brands within a food group. Don't be afraid to buy a store brand instead of name brand...the content is usually the same...and you will save money by doing so. Store brands are just as tasty...and maybe even  more so when you taste the savings!

Friday, September 6, 2013

Celebrating Autumn in the United States

As September moves into full swing, nature in U.S. states where seasons change, provides a beautiful show. In the northeast, midwest and pacific northwest the foliage, that is the leaves, change over slowly to breathtaking colors before the leaves fall. Hillsides like the one pictured to the left display vivid colors of red, green, yellow and orange. The fact that the leaves fall is why Autumn is often referred to as "Fall". In the south, although the trees don't change color, the temperatures do get a bit cooler. 

Traditional Pumpkin Pie
The end of October is especially fun because of "Halloween" which is officially celebrated on October 31 each year. Pumpkins are very popular in October and we take our pumpkins very seriously! We carve them and put candles in them on Halloween. Pumpkin seeds and pumpkin pie are enjoyed this time of year too.
Carved Pumpkins Glowing

Children enjoy dressing in costumes on Halloween and go 'trick or treating' with their friends, collecting treats from neighbors. 
Children in costumes Trick or Treating
College students often have Halloween parties too...dressing up and enjoying themselves. Many colleges and local businesses hold competitions for "best costume" with prizes. Perhaps you will participate in some way when you are in the U.S.  

Fall is a refreshing time of year - with the cooler climate and so many fun things to do, you will have many activities to choose from. Between September and October Fall festivals and fairs are everywhere - with music, food and crafts - attending one will be a wonderful experience. (Links to some around the U.S. are below) Have fun and see why so many feel this is their favorite time of year!

Autumn Fair
Here are some helpful links to find festivals and fairs in the states you will live in:

Wednesday, June 12, 2013

Excuse Me?

Excuse Me, Can You Repeat That? How to Communicate in the U.S. as an International Student - A Reference Guide demystifies pronunciation, confusing situations and common gestures for non-native English speakers. The rules of communication are not universal they are specific to particular cultures. International students who learn the language can often speak basic English, but the clarity of their speech and lack of knowledge about what to say in daily situational dialogues is less than good, leaving them frustrated with their skills,explains the author, Cathryn Cushner Edelstein, Scholar-in-Residence at Emerson College in Boston, MA (USA) In this guide, I provide readers with insight into navigating through ways of communicating in the United States, so language and cultural frustrations are lessened.” Included are comments from 50 foreign students who are or were studying in the United States. The quotes were taken from a survey conducted by Edelstein that asked them from a communications perspective to compare what they thought studying in the country would be like to what it was actually like once they began taking classes.

Reference Guide Information

Excuse Me, Can You Repeat That? By Cathryn Cushner Edelstein
(ISBN: 978-1-58985-256-3, $14.95 softbound; eISBN: 978-1-58985-257-0) is a Five Star Publications, Inc. title, and is distributed by Ingram, Baker & Taylor and Midpoint Trade Books. The guide is available at most major bookstores, BarnesandNoble.com, Amazon.com and FiveStarPublications.com. For more about the book, visit www.ExcuseMeCanYouRepeatThat.com.

Wednesday, May 29, 2013

Why should you go to college?

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You have a high school diploma and may be wondering if it is really necessary to attend college....if you look at earning comparisons between employees who have earned a college degree vs. those who enter the job market with only a high school diploma in hand the difference is clear. (These numbers are for employment in the United States only - you will have to look at information in your native country to see if the same statistics are true or not.)

Take a look at this graph:

"Hamilton Project research shows that 23- to 25-year-olds with bachelor’s degrees make $12,000 more than high school graduates but by age 50, the gap has grown to $46,500 (Figure 1)"

So is it worth the investment and time to attend college? 

"Using average earnings for 18- and 19-year-olds and 20- and 21-year-olds with high school degrees (including those working part-time or not at all), Michael Greenstone and Adam Looney of Brookings’ Hamilton Project calculate an opportunity cost of $54,000 for a four-year degree. In this brief, we take a rather narrow view of the value of a college degree, focusing on the earnings premium. However, there are many non-monetary benefits of schooling which are harder to measure but no less important. Research suggests that additional education improves overall wellbeing by affecting things like job satisfaction, health, marriage, parenting, trust, and social interaction. Additionally, there are social benefits to education, such as reduced crime rates and higher political participation."(Source: http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2013/05/08-should-everyone-go-to-college-owen-sawhill)

What to major in?

What program to major in is important to consider. Of course future earnings are one thing to consider...but equally important is choosing a degree program that matches your interests and passion. Are you a 'numbers person' good at math? Do you prefer to work with people, providing human services that improve understanding of one's mind? Are you a great communicator and want to learn to help others in this area? Do you like to investigate how things work and want to learn how to solve problems by creating more efficient systems?  These are just some questions to ask yourself as you try to find what you want to study. The beauty of life however, is that you can study one thing and end up doing something else. Your degree is a stepping stone, not the final step!

Take a look at this article to find what degrees will lead you to a better chance of getting a job:

Want to earn a degree that could lead to career opportunities? Check out these six degrees with solid employment odds.

By Lisa Manterfield (education.yahoo.net)

Degree #1 - Bachelor's in Business Administration
Do you see yourself in a leadership role? Maybe you're looking to prep for a career that will allow you to use your planning, communication, and problem-solving skills, too. If so, a degree in business administration might be the in-demand choice for you.

According to Andrea Koncz, NACE's employment information manager, it's a very versatile degree. What's more, the major's coursework reflects this versatility. It usually includes classes in business strategy, accounting, and operations management, according to the U.S. Department of Labor.

Employment Odds: According to "Hard Times," recent business administration and management majors reported a low unemployment rate of 8.1 percent. And this figure doesn't come as a surprise, with the "Job Outlook 2012" listing business as the most sought-after broad degree category among respondents.

Why? "The specific skills from these programs translate to many different fields," explains Koncz.Potential Career: According to the Department of Labor, a bachelor's degree in business (or a related field) is generally required to prepare to pursue a career as a financial analyst.

Degree #2 - Bachelor's in Accounting

Are you attentive, detail-oriented, and into numbers? If you're interested in the challenge of collecting and analyzing financial information, and maybe even one day predicting future financial trends, an accounting degree could be a good - potentially employer-friendly - option for you.

If you do opt for an accounting program, know that you might take commonly offered courses such as accounting information systems, business law, and auditing, according to the College Board, an organization of colleges and universities that administers tests such as the SAT.

Employment Odds: "Job Outlook 2012" reported that accounting was the second most sought-after bachelor's degree among employers. In fact, "Hard Times" found that accounting grads had the second lowest unemployment rate among business majors, at only 6.8 percent.

Why are accounting grads so in-demand? One reason, according to Koncz, is that accounting programs often help develop analytical skills, which can be valuable in other fields besides accounting.

Potential Career: Your career options as a grad in this major could include accountant and auditor, with the U.S. Department of Labor noting that a bachelor's in accounting is required to pursue most positions.

Degree #3 - Bachelor's in Computer Science

If you're a tech whiz who loves tinkering with computers, a degree in computer science might be a good choice for you. And that's fortunate, since it's a top choice among employers as well.

If you decide to go after this degree, you'll likely "learn about computer systems and the way humans and computers interact from a scientific perspective," according to the College Board. And depending on the area of computer science you're interested in, your program could include classes such as software engineering, mathematics for computer science, and artificial intelligence, says the College Board.

Employment Odds: Computer and information science ranked number three on NACE's "Job Outlook 2012" list of most in-demand broad category degrees. One reason for this, Koncz says, is that computer science programs teach a very specific technical skill set, which is unique to fast-growing fields such as computer systems analysis.
Want more data? According to "Hard Times," the unemployment rate for new grads in this field was 7.8 percent, and the report predicts that "computer majors are likely to bounce back strongly as the recovery proceeds."
Potential Career: Ever consider computer programming as a career? If so, you'll want to remember this: A good number of computer programmers have a bachelor's degree in computer science or a related field, though some employers may consider candidates with an associate's degree.

Degree #4 - Bachelor's in Psychology
If you're intrigued by what makes people tick, and you enjoy helping others, one major to consider is psychology, which is in demand, say the studies.
In fact, within the field of psychology, you'll discover a broad range of specialties and topics, such as social psychology, cognitive psychology, neuroscience, personality, and research methods, according to the College Board.
Employment Odds: "Job Outlook 2012" reported psychology as the second most in-demand liberal arts major. That trend was also reflected in "Hard Times," with recent graduates in psychology showing a relatively low unemployment rate of 7.3 percent.
What gives for this unemployment rate? It could have something to do with the fact that nearly half of recent graduates work in the fields of health care and education, according to the "Hard Times" report, which also labeled these industries as either stable or growing.
Potential Career: If you're interested in a career in social work, this could be a great option for you. Why? Because the U.S. Department of Labor notes that most direct-service social workers are required to have a bachelor's degree in social work, or a related field like psychology or sociology.

Degree #5 - Bachelor's in Communications
If you love to research, write, and speak with other people, a communications degree could lead to career options in a wide range of industries for you.
Communications can cover everything from television production to the Internet, according to the College Board, which notes that commonly offered business communications classes might include public relations writing, media analysis and criticism, and public speaking.
Employment Odds: "Hard Times" reported that recent communications grads had a low unemployment rate of 7.3 percent.
This low figure could be in relation to the skills that could be acquired through a communications degree program, such as verbal communication, critical thinking, and research. The best part? Some of these skills are among the top attributes sought by employers, according to the "Job Outlook 2012" Report.
Potential Career: The U.S. Department of Labor notes that public relations specialists generally need a bachelor's degree, and that employers often want applicants who have studied communications, public relations, English, journalism, or business.

Degree #6 - Bachelor's in Engineering
If you're fascinated with how things work, whether it's a light bulb, auto part, or suspension bridge, you might find your calling studying engineering. And good news: Studies suggest that it's a degree that is popular with employers.
The courses you'll take will vary depending on the field of engineering you choose. For example, the College Board says that civil engineering majors often take typical courses in dynamics, environmental awareness for engineers, and thermodynamics.
Employment Odds: According to "Job Outlook 2012," engineering was the second most sought-after broad category major. And the "Hard Times" report reflects this, noting that new engineering grads experienced a low unemployment rate of 7.5 percent.
And with teamwork and problem solving skills important to employers, according to the NACE report, it's no wonder this degree is in demand. Especially since the College Board notes that as a civil engineering major, "you'll solve a problem with a group or compare ideas with other students after working a problem out on your own."
Potential Career: The U.S. Department of Labor notes that there are a variety of engineering careers out there, including biomedical, mechanical, civil, and more. And as you probably assume, education requirements differ depending on the field. For example, civil engineers need a "bachelor's degree in civil engineering or one of its specialties," says the Department of Labor.